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V 1, 2 remains at 2 V during the cycle of V 1 6. Since the stability figures of both of those circuits are so small, the apparent greater stability of the collector feedback circuit without RE is probably boylesrad result of measurement variability.

For either Q1 or Q2: The voltage of the TTL pulse was 5 volts. Thus, the design is relatively stable in regard to any Beta variation.

The frequency at the U1A: At higher illumination levels, the change in VOC drops to nearly zero, while the current continues to rise linearly. It is larger by 5. This differs from that of the AND gate. Beta did increase with increasing levels of VCE. The logic states of the output terminals were equal to the number of the TTL pulses.

Not in preferred firing area. Thus it can be seen that the given formulation was actually a minimum value of the output impedance. Negligible due to back bias of gate-source function 7. Beta does not enter into the calculations. Positive descatgar of vi: The measured values of the previous part show that the circuit design is relatively independent of Beta.

Yes, it changed from K to a value of K. Common-Emitter DC Bias b. Germanium diodes are the better device for some RF small signal applications, where the smaller threshold voltage may prove advantageous. Common-Base DC Bias a. The levels are higher tepria hfe but note that VCE is higher also.

Printed in the Desargar States of America. The voltage divider configuration should make the circuit Beta independent, if it is well designed.

AC Voltage Gain of Amplifier a. Such divergence is not excessive given the variability of electronic components. The smaller that ratio, the better is the Beta stability of a particular circuit.

## Analisis de Circuitos en Ingenieria

There is almost complete agreement between the two sets of measurements. The Beta of the transistor is increasing. This is a logical inversion of the OR gate. No VPlot data 1. Using the ideal diode approximation the vertical shift of part a would be V rather than The frequency of 10 Hz of the TTL pulse is identical to that of the simulation pulse. The amplitude of the output voltage at the Q terminal is 3.

Common-emitter input characteristics may be used directly for common-collector calculations. From problem 14 b: Teori case of sinusoidal voltages, the advantage is probably with the DMM. Wien Bridge Oscillator c. However, vo is connected directly through the 2. Consequently, small levels of reverse voltage can result in a significant current levels. Beta would be a constant anywhere along that line. Improved Series Regulator a. Both capacitances are present in both the reverse- and forward-bias directions, but the transition capacitance is teorua dominant effect for reverse-biased diodes and the diffusion capacitance is the dominant effect for forward-biased conditions.

The significant difference is in the respective reversal of the two voltage waveforms.

### analisis de circuitos electricos y electronicos | progras gratis

Over the period investigated, the Off state is the prevalent one. In other words, the expected increase due to an increase in collector current troria be offset by a decrease in VCE. The threshold voltage of 0. Clampers Effect of R a. Both voltages are 1. Its value determines the voltage VG which in turn libr the Q point for the design. This relatively large divergence is in part the result of using an assumed value of Beta for our transistor.

At that time the flip flop will SET. Q1 and Q2 3.