CECROPIA PACHYSTACHYA PDF

Download scientific diagram | Cecropia pachystachya Trécul (Urticaceae) in South-Pantanal, Brazil, with a nest of Nasutitermes ephratae Rambur ( Termitideae). Image of Cecropia pachystachya. Cecropia catarinensis Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA Distribution and Ecology of Cecropia species in Singapore. Fig. 2. Cecropia pachystachya sapling, showing large, almost circular palmate.

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The trees consist of very few branches, usually with candelabrum-like branching system. The topical anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated using the mouse models of acute ear inflammation induced by croton oil, arachidonic acid, capsaicin, EPP, phenol, and chronic inflammation induced by multiple application of croton oil. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Berg and Rosselli describe in detail six types of trichomes that can be recognized on Cecropia and more information on cecdopia can be found in their paper. This version of the classification system is considered the newer version and more widely accepted. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The preparation of pellets by extrusion-spheronization [14] and polymeric nanoparticles has been reported [15]. There is high deviation in the morphology of Cecropia species, but most form small to medium-sized trees, 5—15m tall. The main human-use of Cecropia trees is planting them in soil erosion prone areas. The trees are used in clear-cut areas because they retain the soil, create new biomass and allow other types of plants to settle in the area.

In English, these trees are occasionally called pumpwoods though this may also refer to C. The fibers of the bark can be twisted into rope and the ropes are manufactured for bowstrings and hammocks. Species growing near rivers, pachystacha the other hand, are usually dispersed by water. A pachystachyaa work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the pachytsachya.

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HPLC analysis was performed to quantify the antioxidant phenolics orientin, isoorientin, and chlorogenic acid previously identified in CPM.

Cecropia pachystachya – Useful Tropical Plants

Pachystacchya leaves and buds are also eaten by sloths as their main source of food. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. This work aims to evaluate the topical anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the methanolic extract of C.

Cecropia pachystachya is a species traditionally used in Brazil to treat inflammation. The antioxidant activity was assessed by DPPH free radical scavenging and reduction power assays.

Ants and Cecropia have coadapted to each other; meaning that each species has evolved one or more traits in response to selective pressures exerted by the other. Check date values in: Views Read Edit View history. In the article written by Davidson, [2] on page paachystachya, Table 1 contains known obligate Cecropia-ants listed by species and geographic distribution.

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Pourouma bicolor is very similar in appearance to the Cecropiawith its umbrella-shaped leaves, stilt roots, large leaves with wide lobes, and whitish color on the underside.

A map of the distribution of Cecropia can be found in the article written by Berg and Rosselli, It also showed strong in vitro antioxidant activity. The seeds are not normally digested and thus these animals are important in distributing the trees. Species of Cecropia often display what is called myrmecophytism as a form of biotic defense.

Some birds — e. Histopathological analysis showed a moderate chronic skin anti-inflammatory effect with decrease in vasodilation, edema, cell infiltration, and epidermal hyperproliferation. The elfin-woods warbler Setophaga angelae is notable for pcahystachya Cecropia leaves as nesting material, which no other New World warbler family Parulidae seems to do. After min, no significant difference was observed between the blood levels of the rats treated with the extract and those treated with the standard drugs metformin and glibenclamide.

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Cecropia – Wikipedia

Their abundance increases temporarily with the clearing of forest cecorpia creation of gaps. Chlorogenic acid and the C-glycosylated flavones, orientin and isoorientin, were identified in the extract. The classification can be subjective; there are many different viewpoints on how to classify Cecropia due to the many changes over the years.

Cecropia was first recognized and accounted for by Marcgrave and Pisothe latter including an illustration with characteristic features.

Traits of the staminate flowers and inflorescences are adapted to wind pollination- either by pendulous spikes which can be moved by the wind to shed the pollen or by the special adaptation of detachment of anthers and their secondary attachment allowing the shedding of pollen by motion cecroia anthers. Flutes and guitars are commonly made of Cecropia wood. It is often the keystone food supply for frugivorous animals, such as birds, fruit bats, monkeys, opossums, and even fish.

Hypoglycemic effects of Cecropia pachystachya in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rats.

Last update on Now containing plants. Cecropia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the arctiid moth Hypercompe icasia ; the Cecropia moth Hyalophora cecropia is a North American species however, and thus allopatric with the plant genus. CPM exhibited significant anti-inflammatory effect in the acute models, in some cases comparable to the reference drugs. Between forty and fifty percent of the 61 species of Cecropia are montane or submontane Andean, with the majority of species in the northern part of the Andes, in Colombia and Ecuador.

This symbiosis has been studied extensively by biologists such as Daniel Janzen.